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Future of Electric Vehicles in India

Future of Electric Vehicles in India

In 2017, Transport Minister of India, Mr Nitin Gadkari shocked the automobile industry of India as well as the world when he announced that by 2030 India will move to 100% electric cars.
At an industry conference, he stated that “I’m going to do this, whether you like it or not. And I’m not going to ask you. I will bulldoze it.”

That was an ambitious target as even the UK and France were hoping to achieve this target by 2040.
The plan for electric passenger cars eventually diluted from 100% to 30% by Mr Gadkari and his Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) led government.
The major reasons behind the decision were pushback by the automobile industry and fear of job losses.

What is an electric car?

An electric car is a car that uses one or more electric motors to run. The electric motors use the energy stored in rechargeable batteries, instead of burning diesel or petrol and exhausting fumes.
At present, there are 3 types of electric vehicles:
  1. Solar-powered electric vehicles
  2. Hybrid electric vehicles powered by a combination of batteries and internal combustion
  3. Battery electric vehicles (BEV) with on-board battery packs

Future of electric vehicles in India

Future of Electric Vehicles in India

The future of electric vehicles is undoubtedly in a good position for India. India is one of the largest markets for the automobile industry. In India, the automobile industry is one of the major sectors that drive economic growth.

More than 31 million vehicles including passenger vehicles, three-wheelers, commercial vehicles, and two-wheelers were produced in the financial year of 2019. However, it is one of the major reasons of pollution which puts the country’s capital wrapped in smog for a few months during the winter.
In India, every year more than 1.2 million deaths occur as a result of air pollution. The electric vehicles are powered by electricity instead of gasoline. As a result, it will reduce air pollution which leads to a decrease in deaths occurred because of it.

Public transport is the primary mode of transportation for tier II, tier III and rural regions of India. As a result, a huge amount of fossil fuels are consumed.
Although the initial cost of electric vehicles is higher than fuel cars. But, in the long-run, it is actually cheaper. As the electric vehicles run on electrically powered engines, they are 100% emission-free. They do not emit any smoke or toxic gases that could affect the environment adversely.
The electric vehicles are devoid of the internal combustion. Also, they have less number of components which tend to be more silent than conventional vehicles.

This, in turn, helps in reducing noise pollution, especially in crowded areas.
Also, electric vehicles are lighter in weight offering a smoother drive with higher acceleration over longer distances than conventional cars running on gasoline.

The Challenges in consumer adoption of electric vehicles

It is obviously a challenge to break the usual norms and establishing new behaviour.
A lot of awareness and education is needed, in order to bust myths and promote electric vehicles in the Indian market.
Apart from this, there are a number of various challenges that include:
  • Charging Infrastructure
Future of Electric Vehicles in India

Building charging infrastructure is undoubtedly a big challenge as the infrastructure will need to be combined with existing refuelling stations and also closer to home at alternative locations.

  • Battery Performance
Future of Electric Vehicles in India

It is an obvious fact that electric charging infrastructure will take significant time. So it is essential batteries should be made far more durable and performance should be better as compared to fuel vehicles.

  • High Manufacturing Cost

This is definitely a major challenge for manufacturers. This will directly impact the consumer’s purchasing power.
However, in the long run, the cost of manufacturing will reduce as the demand will pick up and electric vehicles will achieve mainstream adoption.

  • Quality Standard Maintenance
Future of Electric Vehicles in India

Since both local and global electric car manufacturers will have access to the premium segment, the local manufacturers will require to build high-quality models at par with global manufacturers.


Any disorganized and forceful decision will affect the automotive industry adversely. So, the implementation of electric vehicles needs proper planning and a long term approach.
Meanwhile, the country should invest more in R&D for next-generation battery technology in order to reduce our dependence on other countries.

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